Production – Productivity & Wealth Creation

    0
    5

    Production – Productivity & Wealth   Creation

    Definition

     

    Productivity: A measure of the efficiency of production. It is the amount of output that can be

    produced from a given amount of resources

     

    Labor productivity: the amount of goods and services that a worker produces in a given amount of

    time

     

    Production Possibility Frontier: A graph that compares the production rates of two commodities

    that use the same fixed total of the factors of production.

     

    Profit = Revenue – Cost (ß Productivity (↑ CELL; FOP) ↓ Cost)

    Productivity

    • Labor productivity = Output ÷ of workers
      • g. Firm A: 10 units of labor & 20 units of output

    Firm B: 20 units of labor & 60 units of output

    • Ways to increase productivity may mean:
      • Using same number of Factors of Production to produce more output
      • Using less Factors of Production to produce same amount of output.
    • What is increased productivity = lower business cost
    • Increased productivity means greater wealth for owners of firms and the economy (in general) à PPF shift outwards (economic growth)

     

     

     

    How to improve productivity of land

     

    • Increased use of fertilizers – Fertilizers allow previously barren land to produce crops, and

    fertile lands to improve higher yields

    • Improved drainage – Reduces soil erosion and assists in the reduction of phosphorus in

    It allows crops such as hay, corn and soybeans to produce higher yields.

    • Improved irrigation – In dry areas, improved irrigation will allow plants to receive more
    • water and produce a higher yield.
    • Increased use of machinery – Machinery such as tractors help take in the yields much more

    quickly.

    • Introduced genetically-modified high-yield crops – Genetically-modified crops produce

    higher yield as they can be altered to                                                                        fight against pests, herbicides, cold, disease or drought.

    • Build multi-functioned buildings (e.g. skyscrapers) – By building multi-functioned buildings,

    land can be allocated more efficiently as

    buildings such as skyscrapers can

    accommodate a wide range of business

    activities

    How to improve productivity of labour

    • Implement division of labor – Division of labor allows production to be more efficient.

     

    • Increase use of machinery (to aid tasks) – Machinery allows the increase of production as

    well as the quality of the finished product to be

    better.

     

    • Specialization – There is a higher output. Total output of goods and services is raised and

    quality can be improved. A higher output at lower costs means more wants

    and needs might be satisfied with a given amount of scarce resources.

     

    • Skill training – Skills training increase productivity. In addition to learning how to complete

    new tasks and take on more responsibility, employees can learn advanced

    techniques to help those complete everyday tasks more efficiently. Also, it

    improves job satisfaction of the employee. Investing time and money in

                               employees’ skills make them feel valued and appreciated, and it challenges

    those to learn more and get more involved in their jobs. Higher job

    satisfaction ultimately results in reduced turnover and higher productivity.

     

    • Motivate workers with financial incentives (pay raises, profit sharing), increase job satisfaction (better working environment)

    LEAVE A REPLY

    Please enter your comment!
    Please enter your name here